Parenting is especially challenging in stressful situations. Every child is unique, so there is no one way of coping that will suit everyone. Below are a number of guidelines and principles for coping that you can tailor to suit your individual children.

1. It is hard to feel "normal" in an "abnormal" situation. Accepting that this is a difficult situation will allow families to focus on functioning rather than on stressing.
Try to be patient with the child's abnormal reactions and behaviors. Make sure there are boundaries and routines that the children can rely on.

2. Children may be particularly sensitive to your body language, so it is very important that you pay attention to your feelings and reactions. The more you maintain a balanced and relaxed emotional level, the more comfortable your children will feel. 

3. Sometimes it's dangerous and sometimes it's just scary. Explain to your children the difference between danger and fear and how to act in dangerous versus scary situations:
Danger means that action is required to deal with the situation.
Fear requires internal action to help us restore our balance.
Remember that you do not have to overcome fear, you just have to deal with it.
Being brave means dealing with fear, it does not mean that you are not afraid. 

4. Reduce the amount of news that children watch and hear. Images and newscasts can be unnecessarily harmful and stressful.
Keep things as calm in the home as possible. 

5. Maintain routines as much as possible, and hug more. It is very important to initiate and encourage closeness with children, while respecting their desires and feelings.
Children may have changing needs regarding sleeping arrangements. Respond to special requests if possible.

6. Make room for emotion. Encourage children to share their thoughts and feelings with you, and help them to feel comfortable when asking questions that bother them.
It is ok to tell your children that you are also afraid, and to model how you deal with your fears.