General instructions:
Stay alert to environmental risks that may harm you, others, and the victim.
First, remove the victim from the place of danger
Help the injured person on the spot, if possible.
Open an airway for the victim (lift the lower jaw and remove secretions), ensure adequate breathing.
Stop the bleeding
If possible, ask the victim for the details of the injury.
Check the victim thoroughly.
Speak encouragingly to the victim.

Bleeding:
If the victim is bleeding, after securing an airway and ensuring that he is breathing, apply pressure on the bleeding wound. Press down on the wound - do not hesitate to apply pressure, as it will stop the bleeding and prevent the victim from deteriorating. 
Continue applying pressure even when the victim is being transported. 
Place a bandage on the wound. If the bleeding does not stop, apply additional pressure with your hand or an additional bandage.
Do not remove penetrating objects such as a knife or glass.

Treatment of burns:
Keep the victim away from the dangerous area. 
Wrap the victim in a blanket, or roll him on the ground to put out the fire.
Remove the victim’s clothes.
Are the victim's upper airways open? Due to the fire and smoke the mucous membranes of the airways are reduced, and the airways may be blocked. 
A victim who has remnants of soot and ash on the tongue and scorching of the nostril hairs and face must be given oxygen. 
Cool the burn with water, do not burst blisters! (Due to risk of infection).
Cover the burn with a wet sterile bandage. Continue wetting the bandage and get the victim medical attention.

Chemical burns:
Drinking chemicals, such as salt and lye, can cause internal burns. These substances also cause blisters, swelling, and suffocation. Clothes should be removed and rinsed with plenty of water. If the victim swallows chemical liquids, rinse the mouth thoroughly and assist the victim to spit out the water.

Fractures:
Signs of a fracture include: limited ability to move the limb, swelling, black and blue mark.
Treatment: Immobilize the limb by tying it to a board or a healthy body part. 
In case of injury to the back and neck, do not move the victim, call MDA immediately. 


Want to learn more? Visit the MDA website and the Home Front Command website and learn how to save lives!